People often suffer from knee pain as this joint in the body is not only the largest but also one of the more anatomically complicated joints. The knee, which connects the femur to the tibia, also includes a smaller bone that runs beside the kneecap and tibia. In addition, cartilages and ligaments link the knee bones to offer stability. These ligaments and cartilages include the following:
- The posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) and anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) prevent the femur or thigh bone from slipping forward or backward on the shin bone, or tibia.
- The lateral collateral ligament (LCL) and medial collateral ligament (MCL) keep the femur or thigh bone intact.
- The lateral and medial menisci act as the body’s shock absorbers between the shin bone and thigh bone.
A Complex and Intricate Joint
As you can see, from the above listing, the knee is quite a complex joint that can easily suffer pain and discomfort over a period of time. Most of the common causes result from arthritis or degeneration, overuse, or injury.
Therefore knee replacement procedures in Singapore are advised when the patient cannot carry on his or her day-to-day life because of chronic knee pain. A replacement is facilitated so the patient can again walk properly or conduct his or her life without discomfort. So, if you have knee pain and swelling that is not improving, you need to see an orthopaedic doctor or your family physician right away.
Knee treatments and surgery are available in an array of therapies or treatments, depending on your knee condition. Some of the symptoms that are associated with knee pain include the following:
- Pressure or pain when pressure is applied to the knee
Types of Treatments and Surgeries
Complications can result when the knee is also warm to touch and is red. As noted, the inability to walk or any type of unbearable pain needs immediate attention that may lead to any of the following treatments or surgeries:
- Platelet-rich Plasma (PRP) injections
- Knee arthroscopy
- Viscosupplementation (A type of joint lubrication injection)
- Meniscus repair
- ACL or PCL reconstruction
- Osteoarticular transfer system (OATS)
- Partial or total knee replacement
The facilities provided for treatments offer same-day admission and wheelchair access. CT, MRI, and X-ray imaging is also available. Patients can also use medical, accident, or Medisave insurance for their treatments. International insurance is often accepted too.
Total Knee Replacement Surgery
If you do need a total knee replacement, it is generally because the knee pain is too great for you to enjoy a good quality of life. However, everyone’s case is different. That is why you have a number of treatment or surgery options available to you.
For instance, you may be able to avoid surgery by opting for PRP injections. PRP itself is blood plasma that contains more platelets than what the blood normally holds. Therefore, the concentration can be as much as 10 times greater than normal. Either the PRP is injected at the injured site or used to enhance healing after a knee procedure.
When injections are administered, they can help conditions such as Achilles tendonitis. Whilst the pain may increase immediately after the injection, the benefits of the procedure are felt several weeks after the therapy.