Kidney stones are a complicated condition and hard to treat. These stones are hard deposits made from minerals such as calcium or waste products such as uric acid. Initially, they are small, but they grow bigger and bigger as more minerals stick to them.
Some kidney stones pass on their own and do not require any treatment, while others get stuck in the urinary tract leading to intense pain. The sufferer experiences severe pain and demands immediate treatment. There are plenty of qualified laparoscopic surgeons who provide treatment for kidney stones. If the condition gets worse, the stones have to be removed with surgery. Here Dr: Samrat Jankar who is one such qualified & best laparoscopic surgeon in Pune, India is explaining regarding Laparoscopic Surgery for Kidney Stone Removal.
When you need Surgery to Remove Kidney Stones?
Surgery is never the primary treatment. The best Laparoscopic surgeons advise some other medical treatment methods to remove kidney stones. However, if all treatments fail, the doctors recommend Laparoscopic Surgery as a last resort to get rid of kidney stones.
Following are the conditions in which Laparoscopic Surgery becomes a must condition to treat kidney stones.
- The stone is too large and is unable to pass on its own
- The sufferer is experiencing intense pain.
- The kidney stone blocks the flow of urine out of the kidney.
- The sufferer is experiencing urinary tract infections because of this stone.
If any of the above conditions prevail, the Laparoscopic surgeons may suggest Laparoscopic surgery to get rid of kidney stones.
Let’s discuss what Laparoscopic Surgery is and how it helps in removing kidney stones.
What is Laparoscopic Surgery?
Laparoscopic Surgery or Laparoscopic ureterolithotomy is the process of removing kidney stones from the ureter (a tube connecting the kidney and the bladder through which the urine passes).
Laparoscopic procedures involve using small incisions and specialized tools, eliminating the need for large incisions used during open surgery.
When is Laparoscopic Surgery Performed?
Laparoscopic surgery is done to remove those stones in the ureter that;
- Are too large to pass on their own
- Cause pain or bleeding
- Cause infections
- Stop the flow of urine.
- Exert pressure on the kidneys
What to Expect Before Surgery?
Before starting the surgery, your doctor may do the following things.
- Take images of the urinary system to find the stone.
- Conduct blood and urine tests
- Track your medical history
Inform everything about your medical condition to your doctor. Let him know which medications you are taking. Avoid taking any new medications or supplements without consulting your doctor.
In addition to that, your doctor may advise you to stop taking medicines one week before the procedure. Eat a light meal a night before surgery.
Laparoscopic Surgery Procedure
Before starting the surgery, the doctor will give you general anesthesia, which will make you sleep throughout the procedure. This anesthesia helps in preventing the pain during surgery.
Initially, small incisions will be made in your abdomen through which specialized tools will be inserted. These tools will function to make a small incision in the side of the ureter through which the stone will be removed.
A stent is placed in the ureter to support it while it heals. After this, the incision will be closed with stitches. Finally, a drain will be put in that place, which will help fluids drain from the area when you heal.
In the end, the tools are removed, and the incision in the abdomen is closed with stitches. Badges are placed over the stitches. The entire surgery process takes around 60 minutes. After complete surgery, the stone is sent to the laboratory for testing purposes.
You may experience some pain as soon as you recover after the surgery. You will be given some pain medications and taken to the recovery room for care and observation. You may be asked to stay in the hospital for 2-4 days.
Laparoscopic Surgery Probable Complications
There are some possible complications associated with Laparoscopic Surgery, which include:
- Adverse reactions of anesthesia
- Excess bleeding
- Blood clots
- Problem in urinating
- Scarring of incisions
If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, consult your doctor and let him know about your condition in detail. He will suggest subsequent treatments.