The dressing must be used to cover the wound and wrap it tightly to control any bleeding and prevent any infection from occurring in the wound area. A bandage is also used in cases of a fracture or deep injury to hold shrapnel in place or prevent the injured part’s movement. It is worth noting that the dressing should be warm but not so tight that it obstructs blood circulation. The bandage placed on the leg, arm, or finger should be rechecked from time to time to ensure the tissues behind the bandage are warm and have a normal color.
Bandages of different types are usually available as a first aid kit to cater to different injuries. However, the ones widely used in clinics and hospitals are the following:
(A) Roller bandage
This is made from muslin or gauze specially formulated for dressings designed to stretch slightly to match the shape of the part being joined. Roller bandages come in different widths from about one-half to four inches, and narrower widths are used for fingers and toes. Roller dressings may need to be reinforced with adhesive strapping tapes and bandages online, either to hold the rotating bandage in place or to add support to the injured part, for example, in the case of a sprained ankle.
(B) Zinc oxide adhesive pad
This comes in a roll (2 or 4 inches wide) that can be cut to the desired length and then applied to cover the wound dressing. These dressings are also used to harden the gauze pad not to slide away from the affected part. This is usually required when using a bandage to hold the wet bandage in place.
Some of these adhesive dressings, which are pre-cut in various sizes and shapes, have a small medical absorbent pad in the center placed over the wound – to cover it – and let the sides adhere to the surrounding skin. These adhesive strips are used to treat minor cuts, bruises, and blisters.
(C) Bandages and gauze rolls
Sterile gauze pads and gauze rolls are easily available in various sizes, lengths, and widths at drugstores. The gauze pad has the added advantage of securing the wound dressing tightly in place – regardless of which body part it is applied to. They are used commonly and comfortably for open wounds and wounds. Bandages and gauze dressings are widely used in both homes and hospitals.
(D) Triangular bandage
The triangular bandage, made from a muslin cloth, has many uses. It can be used as an arm sling to avoid unnecessary movement of the injured arm. Besides folding the triangle bandage and strapping tapes at least twice, it forms an ideal bandage to immobilize the common in the case of an injured ankle.